Phonics is a way of teaching children how to read and write. It helps children hear, identify and use different sounds that distinguish one word from another in the English language. Written language can be compared to a code, so knowing the sounds of individual letters and how those letters sound when they’re combined will help children decode words as they read. Understanding phonics will also help children know which letters to use when they are writing words.
As a school we use a range of resources to teach phonics and follow the “Letters and Sounds” programme. The DFES Letters and Sounds scheme is available to download at the bottom of this page.
Initial sounds are introduced in the EYFS (Monkey Class) in a specific order, so that children can make words. E.g. s, a, t, p. i. n – children are then able to make such words as tap, pit, sit etc.